The 15 Best Famous Chinese Food & Dishes Name List

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15 Famous Chinese Food and Dishes

The 15 Best Famous Chinese Food & Dishes Name List

Chinese cuisine is one of the most popular cuisines in the world with a fan base sprawling countries and ages. We are sure that you too love Chinese food, otherwise, there’s no way you are here. 


Looking for a way to spice up your Asian dishes with flavours that satiate your craving? Try Hunan at Home’s range of stir fry and dipping sauces and take your cooking to the typical restaurant style. You have a palate? We have a sauce. 


Check out the 14 famous Chinese sweet and spicy sauces.


1. Dim Sum

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Dim Sum, originating from the Cantonese region of China, is a delightful and diverse culinary tradition that has captured the hearts and taste buds of people worldwide, including India. Dim Sum gatherings, often referred to as "yum cha," are a cherished tradition where friends and family come together to enjoy these delectable treats along with tea.


These small, flavorful dishes come in a wide variety of forms, from dumplings and buns to rolls and cakes. Dim Sum is traditionally served in bamboo steamers, each holding a unique treasure of flavours. There are two thousand types of dim sum across China of which more than a thousand are from the Guangzhou region alone. Some popular dim sum dishes include steamed dumplings filled with shrimp or pork, fluffy BBQ pork buns, crispy spring rolls, and delicate rice noodle rolls.


2. Dumplings

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Dumplings, known as "jiaozi" in China, are a traditional food in Chinese cuisine, especially in North China and have gained widespread popularity in India and around the world. The dough is typically made from wheat flour and water, and it can be rolled, folded, or pleated into various forms, the basic ones representing human ears. The most common fillings include ground pork, shrimp, beef, chicken, fish or vegetables, seasoned with a mix of herbs and spices.


In China, dumplings are often associated with festivals and special occasions, symbolising unity and prosperity and are eaten traditionally on the eve of Chinese New Year. Eating dumplings is believed to bring fortune. 


In India, dumplings have become a beloved part of the Chinese food scene. Whether you prefer them steamed, boiled, or pan-fried, these delectable parcels are a common fixture in Indian Chinese cuisine. Restaurants and street vendors offer a wide variety of dumpling options, making it accessible to both vegetarians and non-vegetarians.


3. Chow Mein (Stir Fried Noodles)

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Chow Mein is the American pronunciation of the Chinese word chǎo miàn, a staple of Chinese-American cuisine, and has made a significant mark on Indian palates as well. This delectable dish hails from China's Guangdong province and is a shining example of the versatility and appeal of Chinese food.


Chow Mein consists of stir-fried noodles, which can be either crispy or soft, depending on your preference. These noodles are typically accompanied by a medley of vegetables like bell peppers, carrots, and cabbage, along with your choice of protein, such as chicken, beef, or shrimp. The dish is seasoned with a savoury sauce, often a combination of soy sauce, oyster sauce, and other flavourful ingredients.


4. Xiaolongbao

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Xiaolongbao, also known as soup dumplings, is a Chinese culinary treasure that has gained recognition and popularity far beyond its Shanghai origins. These delicate dumplings are a testament to the artistry and precision of Chinese cuisine.


Originating from Shanghai, Xiao Long Bao is made by folding paper-thin dough wrappers with minced pork filling. The magic happens when these dumplings are steamed: the broth inside turns into a hot, flavorful soup, creating a burst of flavour with each bite.


Eating Xiao Long Bao is an art in itself. To enjoy them fully, it's essential to pick up a dumpling carefully, place it on a spoon, and pierce the wrapper to release the aromatic broth. Then, you can slurp away the soup and savour the filling. 


5. Sichuan Chilli Chicken

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Sichuan Chilli Chicken, also known as Szechuan or Sichuan Chicken, is a popular Chinese dish that embodies the bold and fiery flavours that are characteristic of Sichuan cuisine.


Originating from the Sichuan province in China, this dish is a fiery delight for those who enjoy the thrill of intense spice. Sichuan Chilli Chicken typically features tender pieces of chicken that are first marinated and then stir-fried with an array of ingredients, including dried red chillies, Sichuan peppercorns, garlic, ginger, and scallions.


6. Hot Pot

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Hot Pot, known as “huǒguō” in Mandarin, is a beloved communal dining experience that originated in China but has since become a global sensation, including in India.

At its core, hot pot involves simmering various ingredients in a flavourful broth right at the table. The ingredients can range from thinly sliced meats (beef, lamb, pork, and more) to an assortment of fresh vegetables, mushrooms, tofu, seafood, and noodles. The key to the hot pot experience lies in the variety of dipping sauces and condiments available, allowing diners to customise their flavours.


A communal pot sits in the centre of the table, and everyone takes turns adding ingredients and fishing them out once cooked to their desired level. This interactive dining style fosters conversations and shared enjoyment. 


7. Peking Duck

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Originating in Beijing (formerly Peking), this dish has a history that dates back centuries. Peking duck is renowned for its meticulously prepared crispy skin and tender meat, all wrapped in thin, delicate pancakes. The preparation process involves multiple steps of seasoning, air drying, and roasting until the skin turns irresistibly crispy.


One of the hallmarks of Peking duck is the way it is served. The roasted duck is brought to the diner whole, where a skilled chef first serves the crispy skin with sweet bean sauces as a dip, then the meat is served with steamed pancakes, cucumber and spring onion and the remaining roast duck is served in a broth or stir-fired with sweet bean sauce or sauteed with salt and pepper.


In India, Peking Duck has found its place in the hearts of those who appreciate gourmet Chinese cuisine. High-end Chinese restaurants, especially in metropolitan cities, offer Peking Duck as a signature dish. 


8. Kung Pao Chicken

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Kung Pao Chicken, also spelt as Gong Bao or Kung Po, is a classic Chinese dish that has made a significant impact on Chinese cuisine enthusiasts in India and around the world, thanks to its delectable combination of textures and tastes.


The dish typically features tender chunks of diced chicken stir-fried with an array of ingredients, including diced bell peppers, peanuts, and a flavourful sauce.


9. Sweet and Sour Pork

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This dish showcases the essence of Chinese culinary philosophy—balancing sweet and sour flavours. Sweet and Sour Pork features tender chunks of pork, battered and deep-fried to achieve a crispy exterior while maintaining its succulence inside. The hallmark of this dish is the tangy and sweet sauce that coats the crispy pork.


The sauce typically includes ingredients like vinegar, sugar, ketchup, and a touch of soy sauce, creating a vibrant, orange-red glaze that not only tantalises the taste buds but also enhances the visual appeal of the dish. It's often garnished with bell peppers, onions, and pineapple chunks, adding a delightful medley of colours and textures.


10. Ma Po Tofu

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Mapo Tofu is a famous Chinese dish that has made its way into the hearts and palates of food enthusiasts worldwide, including India. Originating from the Sichuan province in China, Mapo Tofu is a testament to the province's bold and unique flavour profile. The dish typically consists of silky tofu cubes, ground pork or beef, and a spicy sauce made from a blend of ingredients such as doubanjiang (fermented bean paste), soy sauce, garlic, ginger, and green onions.


The dish's name, "Mapo," is said to be derived from the pockmarked appearance of the creator, whose tofu dish was famous for its spiciness.


11. Hot and Sour Soup

 

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Hot and Sour Soup is a cherished Chinese classic that combines the contrasting flavours of heat and acidity in a comforting broth. Originating from Sichuan cuisine, it's made by simmering a rich chicken or vegetable stock with a variety of ingredients like tofu, mushrooms, and bamboo shoots. The "hot" element comes from white pepper or chilli pepper, while the "sour" component is achieved with vinegar, resulting in a harmonious, invigorating, and comforting soup.


This Chinese soup is not only perfect for winter but is also known to boost immunity and lower body heat during summer. 


12. Jianbing

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Jianbing, often referred to as the Chinese crepe or pancake, is a traditional Chinese street food. This crispy and savoury delight is not only a staple of Chinese street food culture but also a symbol of the diverse and dynamic nature of Chinese cuisine.


Jianbing is made by spreading a thin layer of batter onto a hot, circular griddle or crepe pan. The batter typically consists of a mixture of wheat and grain flour, creating a delicate, crisp texture when cooked. As the batter cooks, various ingredients are added to create a flavourful and satisfying filling.


One of the most distinctive features of Jianbing is its versatility. While the classic version remains a favourite, modern variations cater to a wide range of tastes. You can find sweet Jianbing with ingredients like red bean paste or fruit, as well as with meats and cheeses.


13. Hakka Noodles

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Hakka Noodles are a popular Indo-Chinese dish that combines Chinese cooking techniques with Indian flavours. These noodles are stir-fried with vegetables and aromatic sauces, creating a savoury and satisfying dish. The key to the dish's appeal lies in the smoky flavour imparted by the high-heat wok cooking. 


Hakka Noodles can be enjoyed on their own as a satisfying meal or as a side dish accompanying other Chinese delights like Manchurian, Chilli Chicken, or Schezwan Sauce. Its adaptability and comforting qualities have made it a beloved dish for people of all ages.


14. Fried Rice

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Fried Rice is a staple in Chinese cuisine, loved for its simplicity and versatility. Originating from China, it consists of cooked rice stir-fried with a variety of ingredients such as vegetables, meat, and eggs, seasoned with soy sauce and other flavorful condiments.


In India, Fried Rice has become a popular accompaniment to various Chinese dishes, offering a perfect blend of textures and flavours that appeal to both vegetarians and non-vegetarians.


15. Bao

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Baozi, simply called Bao steamed buns, is a delightful Chinese delicacy that has gained international recognition. These soft, pillowy buns are filled with a range of ingredients, including BBQ pork, vegetables, or sweet fillings like red bean paste.


Each bite of bao offers a harmonious balance of textures and flavours, making it an unforgettable culinary experience. Bao has become a global sensation, appearing on menus in various forms and under different names. From classic char siu bao with succulent pork to vegetarian variations with paneer or mushrooms, bao adapts to local flavours while retaining its delightful essence.


Conclusion

We've explored a range of iconic Chinese dishes in this blog, each with its unique story and character. As we've seen, Chinese cuisine's adaptability and versatility have allowed it to seamlessly integrate into culinary landscapes worldwide, including in India, where Chinese restaurants and street food vendors serve up these delectable dishes to eager diners.


By now you should be definitely craving some Chinese flavours in your mouth, you can make your Asian dishes kickass with Hunan at Home's sauces that bring authentic flavours to your home. We have Black Pepper, Fried Garlic, Burnt Chilli Oil, Chilli Garlic, Hot Basil, Oriental BBQ, Thai Herb and Sichuan Chilli Paste that goes with a variety of Asian dishes. Try them now and savour lip-smacking meals all day every day.